Afşin-Elbistan power complex

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{{#badges:CoalSwarm|Navbar-Turkeycoal}}Afşin-Elbistan power complex consists of two existing coal-fired power plants in Kahramanmaraş province, Turkey — Afşin-Elbistan A and Afşin-Elbistan B — totaling 2795 megawatts (MW). Plans exist to build one to four more coal-fired power plant on this site. Afşin-Elbistan power complex is supplied by the local Afşin-Elbistan lignite mines.


The undated satellite photo below shows the power complex, which is near Çoğulhan municipality, Afşin district, Kahramanmaraş province.

Afşin-Elbistan A can be see on the right, and Afşin-Elbistan B on the left. While the two plants are entirely within Afşin district, the Afşin-Elbistan coal field (one of its mines can be seen to the east of Afşin-Elbistan A) bridges Afşin and Elbistan districts (hence the name).

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Background on Plant

The four-unit, 1355-MW Afşin-Elbistan A and the four-unit 1440-MW Afşin-Elbistan B run on lignite coal from the adjacent Kışlaköy coal mine.[1] Afşin-Elbistan A is owned by Elektrik Üretim (EÜAŞ), the state-controlled power agency,[2]. Afşin-Elbistan B is also owned by Elektrik Üretim (EÜAŞ), the state-controlled power agency.[3] Afşin-Elbistan A was brought online in 1984-87, and Afşin-Elbistan B in 2005-2006.[4][5]

In November 2012, EÜAŞ contracted Alstom Power to refurbish Afşin-Elbistan A,[6] but it appears that the refurbisher is now ERG Verbund.[7] The plant was shutdown for refurbishment in March 2017, and according to a trade unionist is likely to remain shutdown for at least 5 years.[8]

However the legal status of ERG Verbund's operating rights is unclear and as of April 2018 Çelikler Holding is negotiating to buy Afşin-Elbistan A.[9] In November 2018 ownership of the plant was transferred to Çelikler Holding for a period of 20 years.[10]

Environmental impact

In February 2019 the Right to Clean Air Platform, a coalition of 17 professional organizations and NGOs, successfully campaigned to stop the Turkish Parliament from delaying stronger air pollution requirements for old coal plants from 2019 until 2021.[11] The delay would have allowed Afşin-Elbistan-A to continue to operate without a desulphurization system or modernised dust filters.[12]

Water intake

In March 2017 the power complex stopped drawing water from the Ceyhan River for 2 months whilst the state water board investigated complaints of low water levels, which may have exacerbated the pollution in the river.[13]

Description of Expansion

In September 2008 Turkey's electricity production corporation EUAS cancelled a tender for Afsin Elbistan C and D units, each proposed to be 1,200 megawatts (MW).[14]

In January 2013, the UAE's state power company Abu Dhabi National Energy (TAQA) signed an agreement with EÜAŞ to build US$12 billion worth of coal mines and coal-fired power plants in the Afşin-Elbistan region — a project with a combined power generation capacity of up to 7,000 new MW. As part of the deal, TAQA would acquire and expand Afşin-Elbistan B, and do a feasibility study for a planned 1,440MW Plant C and associated mine. It was also reported that over time Taqa would "develop several new power plants and associated mines" in sectors D, E and G, presumably building a plant in each of these sectors.[15] For these additional projects, "necessary infrastructure services [would have] to be made by the public [sector]. Two towns [would have] to be relocated. River-beds should be changed; water dams are to be constructed, high voltage transmission lines are to be installed."[16]

In August 2013, TAQA postponed its $8 billion share of financing until 2014, citing uncertainty.[17] Industry officials cited difficult financing conditions amidst a currency sell-off as the main reason for the delay (while others speculated that Prime Minister Erdogan's criticism of the ouster of Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi, which UAE had supported, may have had something to do with it).[18]

In December 2013, after Erdogan met with Qatari Energy Minister Taner Yildiz, Qatar stated that the country may be interested in investing in the project. China and South Korea have apparently also expressed interest.[18] As of February 2014, Saudi company ACWA Power and Thai company Singa Energy were also expressing interest in investment, for an expected total of $20 billion.[19]

In April 2014 Daily Sabah reported that Mitsui had undertaken a feasibility study into the construction of two additional units - C and D - at the plant.[20] In February 2015 it was reported that a consortium of Mitsubishi Corporation, Marubeni and Chubu Electric Power in Japan and Qatar Holding and Nebras Power from Qatar signed an agreement with the Turkish government to study projects in the Afşin-Elbistan region, including the development, operation and maintenance of lignite power plants. No agreements had yet been reached.[21]

Potential Capacities

Sectors C + D are estimated 3GW and E 3GW.[22]

Permitting for Afşin-Elbistan C

The EIA process for an Afşin-Elbistan C plant with 1,800 MW capacity began in September 2018.[23] As of June 2019 the plant had received a positive EIA report, according to CAN Europe.[24]

Investor reluctance

A local energy analyst has forecast that there will be no serious investors in 2018[25] as values of old plants may continue to fall.

Project Details for Afşin-Elbistan C expansion

  • Sponsor: Elektrik Üretim A.Ş. (EÜAŞ)
  • Parent company: Çelikler Holding
  • Location: Çoğulhan municipality, Afşin district, Kahramanmaraş province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 38.350818, 37.00706 (approximate)
  • Status: Pre-permit development
  • Detailed status:
  • Gross capacity: 1,800 MW
  • Type:
  • Projected in service: TBD
  • Coal type: Lignite
  • Coal source: Afşin-Elbistan lignite mines, Turkey
  • Source of financing:
  • WRI ID: WRI1018701
  • EBC ID: TR-9 and TR-10

Articles and resources


  1. Afşin-Elbistan Coal Power Plants,Önder Algedik, Dec. 2015.
  2. Enerji Atlası, accessed May 20, 2018
  3. EÜAŞ Thermal Power Plants, Elektrik Üretim website, accessed Mar. 2014.
  4. Afsin Elbistan-A Coal Power Plant Turkey, Global Energy Observatory, accessed Mar. 2014.
  5. Afsin Elbistan-B Coal Power Plant Turkey, Global Energy Observatory, accessed Mar. 2014.
  6. Alstom to Service and Maintain Afşin-Elbistan A Thermal Power Plant in Turkey, Alstom Power press release, Nov. 20, 2012.
  7. Afşin - Elbistan Thermal Power Plant, ERG Construction website, accessed May 21, 2018
  8. Afşin-Elbistan A Termik Santrali, 5 yıl elektrik üretemeyecek, Enerji Enstitüsü, June 19, 2017.
  9. Avusturyalılar çekiliyor, Afşin A Santrali'ni Çelikler alıyor, Dünya, 5 April 2018
  10. Explanation on the Transfer of Afşin Elbistan Thermal Power Plant from the Ministry of Energy,, Nov. 28, 2018
  11. Step forward for health protection in Turkey: Proposal to extend the pollution exemptions given to privatised coal power plants withdrawn, Health And Environment Alliance, Feb. 15, 2019
  12. Turkish Parliament will vote about polluting coal power plants next week, Health And Environment Alliance, Feb. 1, 2019
  13. Afşin Elbistan A ve B termik santrallerine su yasağı, Sivil ve Ekolojik Haklar Derneği, Mar. 6, 2017.
  14. "Turkey to cancel power plant tender -EUAS," Reuters, Sep 9, 2008
  15. Haseeb Haider, "Taqa signs $12b Turkey deal," Khaleej Times, January 4, 2013.
  16. Direskeneli, Haluk. The Real Crazy Project: Afsin Elbistan, Turkish Weekly, June 3, 2011.
  17. "A Win with a big 'W'", Sep 3, 2013.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Turkey Says Qatar Interested In Afsin-Elbistan Power Project, Gulf Business, Dec. 5, 2013.
  19. Turkey Expected to Sign $20 billion Energy Investment Deal Soon, Daily Sabah, Feb. 25, 2014.
  20. "Japanese Co. to build coal-fired plants in Turkey", Daily Sabah, April 5, 2014.
  21. "UPDATE 1-Qatar-Japan consortium to study projects in Turkey's Afsin Elbistan," Reuters, Feb 22, 2015
  22. "Turkey’s coal-fired visions," Lexology
  23. EIA process for Thermal Power Plant started, Elbistanın Sesi, Sep. 6, 2018
  24. Communication with CAN Europe, Can Europe, July 2019
  25. "Enerji piyasaları için 2018 yılı kehanetleri - Haluk DİRESKENELİ," Enerji Günlüğü, Dec. 2017

Related SourceWatch articles

External resources

Wikipedia:Afşin-Elbistan B Termik Santrali