Arts Council England
The Council for the Encouragement of Music and the Arts (CEMA) was created in 1940. “The initial decision to fund such a measure came from the Pilgrim Trust. … That grant was matched by the Treasury via the Ministry of Education budget." The Trust money only lasted for two years, and then the government stepped in to fully fund the Council. “In 1946, CEMA was transformed into a new organisation, the Arts Council of Great Britain, with Keynes as it first Chairman." 
"Between 2008 and 2011 we'll invest in excess of £1.6 billion of public money from the government and the National Lottery to create these experiences for as many people as possible across the country." 
According to Corporate Watch UK: "The Arts Council was originally set up on an ‘arm’s length principle’ popularised by Lord Redcliffe-Maud. But key politicians and government officials have always had varying degrees of influence on the Council’s decisions through direct and indirect channels, from the Chancellor, Arts Minister, Parliamentary Committees, to the Council’s appointed chairs and panel members. As Raymond Williams put it in a 1979 article in the Political Quarterly on the Arts Council, 'all that is gained by an arm’s length is a certain notion of removal of directly traceable control.' And let’s remember, the Council’s first chairman was none but the founder of Keynesian economics, John Maynard Keynes himself. The current advisory panels system, which is often bypassed in major decisions, is also part of his legacy." 
Accessed December 2010: 
- Dame Liz Forgan : Chair
- Alice Rawsthorn
- Alistair Spalding
- Anil Ruia
- Caroline Collier
- Ekow Eshun
- François Matarasso
- Janet Barnes
- Keith Khan
- Peter Phillips (UK)
- Peter Standfield
- Jon Cook
- Rosemary Squire
- Sheila Healy
- Sir Nicholas Kenyon
- Veronica Wadley
- Raymond Williams, "The Arts Council", The Political Quarterly 50, no 2, April 1979.
- "REFINING DISSENT: THE ARTS COUNCIL AND RADICAL ARTS," Corporate Watch (UK), Newsletter 43, June 2009.
- Fiammetta Rocco, "Power and Glory to those on High: Who really runs the arts in this country today? The Government and the Arts Council, or a more shadowy collection of immensely wealthy patrons and king-makers?", The Indepedent, 18 June 1995.
- Eric Walter White, The Arts Council of Great Britain (Davis-Poynter, 1975).
- Robert Stewart, The arts : politics, power and the purse : the report of an international conference on the structure of arts funding held by the Arts Council of Great Britain at London, 4-5 March 1987.
- Andrew Sinclair, Arts and cultures : the history of the 50 years of the Arts Council of Great Britain (Sinclair-Stevenson, 1995).
Resources and articles
- Lord Gowrie - former chair (he was replaced in 1998 by Gerry Robinson, the Labour-supporting chairman of Granada)
- William Rees-Mogg - former chair
- Lady Sue Woodford-Hollick - former chair
- Peter Bazalgette - chair
- Joe Docherty
- ↑ Larraine Nicholas, Dancing in Utopia: Dartington Hall and its Dancers (Dance Books, 2007), p.132.
- ↑ About, Arts Council England, accessed December 10, 2010.
- ↑ "REFINING DISSENT: THE ARTS COUNCIL AND RADICAL ARTS," Corporate Watch (UK), Newsletter 43, June 2009.
- ↑ Council, Arts Council England, accessed December 10, 2010.