Austin Bradford Hill
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Austin Bradford Hill (Lung cancer researcher with Doll): In the September 1950 British Medical Journal, Richard Doll and Dr. A. Bradford Hill published preliminary report on smoking and lung cancer. They examined smoking rates for hospital patients with and without lung cancer. They did 1954 prospective studies of 40,000 physicians and concluded that heavy smokers were 24 times as likely to die of lung cancer (E. Whelan 1984).
Doll and Hill reported that between 1922 and 1947 the annual number of deaths from lung cancer had increased about fifteen times. Doll and Hill had examined the smoking rates of lung cancer patients admitted to twenty London hospitals and obtained data that closely resembled the Graham and Wynder study (L. White, Merchants 1988).
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