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According to Adam Curtis: "This modern phase of humanitarian intervention begins in 1968 with the Biafran war. It is a fascinating moment because it is where the framework - the contemporary filter through which we now perceive all humanitarian tragedies - was first constructed... Out of Biafra was going to come a new idea of how to save the world. And the man who would create it was a young French doctor called Bernard Kouchner. Kouchner had worked for the Red Cross in Biafra, but he had become disgusted by the Red Cross' refusal to publicise the genocide created by the Nigerian government." 
- Mark Curtis, "Nigeria’s war over Biafra, 1967-70", edited extract from Unpeople: Britain’s Secret Human Right Abuses.
- Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe, Biafra Revisited (Dakar and Reading: African Renaissance, 2006). review