Bioethanol is ethanol (ethyl alcohol) that is made from agricultural feedstocks such as sugarcane or corn. In 2010, the United States produced 13,230 million gallons of ethanol (using corn as a feedstock). The same year, Brazil, the world's second largest ethanol producer, produced 6,921.54 million gallons of ethanol from sugarcane. Together, the U.S. and Brazil make up about 88 percent of global bioethanol production.
Articles and Resources
Related Sourcewatch Articles
- Statistics, Renewable Fuels Association, Accessed June 12, 2011.
- Giuliana Zanchi, Naomi Pena, and Neil Bird, The upfront carbon debt of bioenergy, Joanneum Research, May 2010.
- Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation, UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
- Bioethanol Production from Sugarcane.
- Wendell Ficher Teixeira Assis and Marcos Cristiano Zucarelli, De-polluting Doubts: Territorial Impacts of the Expansion of Energy Monocultures in Brazil, coordinated by Lucia Ortiz, February 2007.
- Mason Inman, "Clearing Land for Biofuels Makes Global Warming Worse," National Geographic News, February 7, 2008.
- Emma Graham-Harrison, "Biofuels speeding global warming: Chemist pointing at fertilizers used in modern farming," Reuters, October 8, 2007. (The same article is available here.)