Central Intelligence Agency/interference in other countries
Within Africa, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Pentagon have a long history of supporting repressive rulers, and ventures against legitimate and elected leaders. For more than 30 years, U.S. military and intelligence agencies have: Provided both direct and covert support to colonial and settler regimes - including the white-minority regime in Southern Rhodesia; the Portuguese colonial regimes in Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea Bissau; and the apartheid regime in South Africa.
- Subverted progressive leaders and their governments and national liberation movements - including Patrice Lumumba in the Congo, Kwame Nkrumah in Ghana, and Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress (ANC) during the apartheid era.
- Installed and/or supported dictators such as General Mobutu in Zaire, Idi Amin in Uganda, Nimeiry in Sudan, and Siad Barre in Somalia.
- Fomented civil war and conflicts through direct or indirect covert support for 'contra' factions such as UNITA in Angola and Renamo in Mozambique<refr>"The Case Against DoD and CIA Involvement in Funding the Study of Africa," ACAS, September 1997.</ref>
- In Sudan CIA has secretly restored ties to Sudan despite Ongoing Human Rights Abuses in Darfur CIA, with the blessings of the Bush administration, is closely connected to the horrifying government of Lieutenant General Omar Hassan Ahmed Bashir, the head perpetrator of the ongoing genocide in Darfur: over 400,000 black Africans dead, with some 500 more dying every day, and more than two million, many in peril of starvation, turned into refugees as their homes and villages are destroyed. Torture of prisoners, homegrown or supplied by the CIA, has been endemic in Jordan, Yemen, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, and Uzbekistan. In the latter's prisons, the specialty of the house is boiling prisoners, including political prisoners, to death.
- In Somalia CIA run covert effort from the agency's station in Nairobi, channeled hundreds of thousands of dollars to secular warlords inside Somalia with the aim, among other things, of capturing or killing a handful of suspected members of Al Qaeda who are believed to be hiding there. This was sanctioned by top US officials and National Security Council. Dramatic evidence that America is involved in illegal mercenary operations in east Africa has emerged in a string of confidential emails seen by The Observer. The leaked communications between US private military companies suggest the CIA had knowledge of the plans to run covert military operations inside Somalia - against UN rulings - and they hint at involvement of British security firms.
Resources and articles
- "CIA Secretly Restores Ties to Sudan Despite Ongoing Human Rights Abuses in Darfur," Democracy Now!, June 1, 2005.
- Nat Hentoff, "An Ally from Hell," The Village Voice (truthout), May 20, 2005.
- Nat Hentoff, "An Ally from Hell," The Village Voice (truthout), May 20, 2005. Also posted at DarfurAlert Blogspot.
- Washington Times, April 30, 2006. Link no longer active.
- Mark Mazzetti, "CIA failed in Somalia, officials say," New York Times/International Herald Tribune, June 8, 2006.
- "The CIA in Somalia, 1993," SpecialOperations.com. Archived copy of article.
- Antony Barnett and Patrick Smith, "US accused of covert operations in Somalia. Emails suggest that the CIA knew of plans by private military companies to breach UN rules," The Observer (UK), September 10, 2006.
- Henk Ruyssenaars, "The U.S. 'War of Territory'," Antwerp IndyMedia, January 3, 2007.