Charles D. Spielberger

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This article is part of the Tobacco portal on Sourcewatch funded from 2006 - 2009 by the American Legacy Foundation.

Charles D. Spielberger, Ph.D. was a psychologist at the University of South Florida. [1] and secretly a tobacco industry scientist and helper. He received grants from the Council for Tobacco Research's special secret accounts known as Special Projects #4.

Documents & Timeline

1983 Oct 31The Annual Research Report of a psychologist named David G Gilbert who worked for RJ Reynolds.

His work was to:

  • Confirm and extend knowledge of the bodily, mental and emotional responses to smoking and explore interactions of smoking with enotions, personality and stress. [Nicotine]
  • Maintain contact with consultants and/or researchers in the biobehavioral area.
    • Assist in communications with Dr Hans Eysenck concerning RJR-sponsored research and other relevant matters.
    Communicated with Dr. Eysenck by letter and phone. We received several pre-publication articles related to smoking and psychophysiology written under Eysenck's direction and received biannual progress reports on Dr. Eysenck's RJR-sponsored research.
    Received and forwarded Eysenck's proposals for RJR's funding of him in 1983. I wrote a memo to my superiors noting the high quality and productivity of Dr. Eysenck's RJR-funded work and suggested that we are getting a lot in return for our money.
    Spoke with Kieron O'Connor at SPR Convention about Eysenck's RJR-sponsored research and about Dr. Eysenck's status during the coming few years. Both O'Connor and Eysenck report that Eysenck will continue to be in charge of grants and research at the Institute of Psychiatry in London. His status, however, recently changed from Professor to Professor Emeritus.
    • Assist in communications with Dr. Charles Spielberger in matters concerning smoking-related research.
    1. Consulted with Dr. Spielberger on numerous occasions in regards to the scientific validity of conclusions reached in an article discussing filter vent blocking.
    2. Spoke with Dr. Spielberger at the American Psychological.Association Convention about preliminary analysis of 1982 Smoking and Stress Study questionnaire data.
    • Miscellaneous.
    1. Wrote a critique of the work by Kozlowski on filter vent hole blocking and worked with Charles Spielberger in gaining unbiased critiques from reputable scientists.
    2. Participated in brainstorming session with Don Robert's group and with members of the Biobehavioral group to generate new ideas for possible future company marketing.
    3. Performed small pilot study with Dr. Charles Green on the effects of Copenhagen versus RJR snuff. Both snuffs caused large (10 to 24 beat per minute) increases in heart rate after approximately 15 Minutes. No reliable differences between the two snuffs were found, possibly because of the very small number of trials. [2]

1987-89 An RJ Reynolds account of expenditure on (perhaps) legitimate research list a large number of outside nicotine research consultants who don't figure in the CTR Special Project #4 accounts -- and then a couple who do. These are research projects for RJ Reynolds Tobacco on: Psychophysiology of Smoking - interaction of traits, emotions, stress, etc. (marketing orientation)

1987 1988 1989
* Dr Robert A Jensen & David G Gilbert, Southern Illinois University (Caffeine and nicotine)   $86,801   $98,973 $124,975
* Dr Hans Eysenck, University of London (the zero payment in 1989 is unexplained)   $139,022   $78,292 nil
* Dr Charles D Spielberger (trivial amount) [3]     $1,035     $3,123     $1,000


Court-declared list of scientists

Note: this is just a partial list of the scientists, academics and 'consultants' who were being paid via Special Project accounts. It deals only with the scientists known to the courts at the time it was compiled. Many other academics and professionals were paid via these accounts as revealed at later dates.  

The Council of Tobacco Research (CTR) was a tobacco front group designed to promote the idea that science had not proven cigarettes were bad for your health. Those listed below were scientists funded by tobacco to confuse the scientific issues.
Grants made via the CTR's Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) may be legitimate (or not), but those made through the secret Special Account #4 were effectively bribes.
Domingo M Aviado Lauren V Ackerman George Albee James Ballenger
Alvan L Barach Walter L Barker Broda O Barnes SP#41
W-BRF, Colorado State Uni.
Walter Becker
Peter Berger Rodger L Bick Theodore H Blau Richard Bing
Evelyn J Bowers Thomas H Brem Irvin Blose Walter M Booker
Oliver Brooke Richard Brotman Lyman A Brewer SP#47
School of Medicine, USC, LA
Barbara B Brown SP#50
PANA Res.Found., Sepulveda CA
K Alexander Brownlee Katherine Bryant Victor B Buhler Thomas H Burford
J Harold Burn Marie Burnett Maurice Campbell Duane Carr
Rune Cederlof Domenic V Cicchetti Martin J Cline W Clark Cooper
Anthony M Cosentino Daniel Cox Gertrude M Cox
Geza De Takato Bertram D Dimmens Charles Dunlap Henry W Elliott
J Earle Estes Frederick J Evans William Evans Hans J Eysenck SP#60/65
Uni of London, UK.
Jack M Farris Sherwin J Feinhandler Alvan R Feinstein SP#2
Yale Uni, New Haven, Conn
Herman Feldman
Edward Fickes Theodor N Finley Melvin W First Edwin R Fisher
Russel S Fisher Merritt W Foster Richard Freedman Herbert Freudenberger
Arthur Furst Nicholas Gerber Menard M Gertler Jean D Gibbons
Carl Glasser Donald Goodwin Bernard G Greenberg Alan Griffen
Finn Gyntelberg William Heavlin Norman W Heimstra Joseph Herkson
Richard J. Hickey SP#56
Wharton School, U of Penn.
Carlos Hilado Harold C Hodge Charles H Hine
Gary L Huber Wilhelm C Hueper Darrell Huff Duncan Hutcheon
Joseph J Janis Roger A Jenkins Marvin Kastenbaum Marti Kirschbaum
Leonard A Katz SP#3
Michigan State Uni, East Lansing
Lawrence L Kuper Mariano La Via Hiram T Langston SP#4
VA Hospital, Hines IL
William G Leaman Michael Lebowitz Samuel B Lehrer William Lerner
Edward Raynar Levine Gerald J Lieberman Stephen C Littlechild Eleanor Macdonald
Nathan Mantel Ross McFarland Thomas F Mancuso SP#67
Occ.Health, Uni of Pittsburgh
Milton Meckler
Nancy Mello Jack Mendelson Irvin Miller Marc Micozzi
Kenneth M Moser Albert H Niden Judith O'Fallon John O'Lane
William B Ober Joseph H Ogura Ronald Okun Ingram Olkin
Thomas L Petty Leslie Preger Walter J. Priest Richard Proctor
Terrence P Pshler Herbert L. Ratcliffe Attilio Renzetti L.G.S. Rao
Raymond H Rigdon Jay Roberts Milton B Rosenblatt John Rosencrans
Walter Rosenkrantz Ray H Rosenman Linda Russek Henry Russek
Ragnar Rylander George L Saiger D.E. Sailagyi I Richard Savage
Richard S Schilling Stanley S Schor Gerhard N Schrauzer Charles Schultz
John Schwab Carl C Seltzer Paul Shalmy Robert Shilling
Henry Shotwell Allen Silberberg N. Skolnik James F Smith SP#43
Uni of Tennessee, Memphis
Louis A. Soloff Sheldon C Sommers (CTR) JB Spalding Charles Spielberg
Charles Spielberger Lawrence Spielvogel Russell Stedman Arthur Stein
Elia Sterling Theodor Sterling SP#51/58/61/62
Washington U, St Louis
Thomas Szasz Paul Toannidis
Chris P Tsokos Helmut Valentin Richard Wagner Norman Wall
Roger Wilson Jack Wiseman George Wright John P Wyatt
Jacob Yerushalmy SP#59
SPH UC Berkely+ Stats, Jerusalem
Irving Zeidman
Aleph Foundation Arthur D. Little Aspen Conference Atmospheric Health Sciences
(Domingo M Avido)
ACVA Atlantic
(Gray Robertson)
Able-Lands Battelle Columbus Laboratories Battelle Memorial Institute
Billings & Gussman BioResearch Laboratories
(L.G.S. Rao)
Brigham Young University Colucci & Associates
Cohen Coleghety Foundation Code Consultants Inc. Carney Enterprises Computerland
Engineered Energy Management Environmental Policy Institute Eysenck Institute of Psychiatry
(Hans J Eysenck)
Fudenberg Harvard Medical School Hine Inc.
(Charles H Hine)
Information Intersciences
International Consultancy International Technology Corporation International Information Institute J.B. Spalding Statistical Service
J.F. Smith Research Account Jacob, Medinger & Finnegan Kravetz Levine & Spotnitz Shook, Hardy & Bacon
Michigan State University Meckler Engineering Group
(Milton Meckler)
Peat, Marwick Main & Co. R.W. Andersohn & Assoc.
Pitney, Hardin & Kipp Public Smoking Research Group Response Analysis Project
(Alfred Vogel/Reuben Cohen)
Response Analysis Corporation
(Alfred Vogel/Reuben Cohen)
Schirmer Engineering Corp. St. George Hospital & Medical School Stanford Research Institution Project Found. for Res. in Bronchial Asthma and Related Diseases
The Futures Group University of South Florida Wayne State University Weinberg Consulting Group
(Myron Weinberg)
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
DOUBLE-HIDDEN SPECIAL GRANTS paid through the companies/itself
CTR (paid itself) Hearings-Kennedy-Hart Bill Industry Research Liaison Committee Philip Morris
Thomas S Osdene
RJ Reynolds
Murray Senkus
See also [4] and this 1972-81 list with the total amounts paid: [5] This is not an exhaustive list.<br The CTR also has a special site with an index under the Minnesota Agreement. (not very useful) [6]

These are CTR Special Project grantees now known not to have been included in the above list: [7]


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  1. (Source: NM Tobacco Companies Personnel List)