Decabromodiphenyl Ether (DecaBDE) is a polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE), a class of chemicals used as flame retardants. In 2009, the EPA announced its negotiation of a voluntary phase-out of the use of decaBDE with the two largest domestic manufacturers (Albemarle Corporation and Chemtura Corporation) and the largest importer (ICL Industrial Products, Inc) of the chemical. "The companies have committed to end production, importation, and sales of decaBDE for most uses in the United States by December 31, 2012, and to end all uses by the end of 2013" However, the chemical still exists in products purchased prior to that time. For example, a 2014 study found it in camping tents.
- "EPA is concerned that certain PBDE congeners are persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic to both humans and the environment... PBDEs are not chemically bound to plastics, foam, fabrics, or other products in which they are used, making them more likely to leach out of these products."
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- DecaBDE Phase-out Initiative, Accessed March 28, 2014.
- "Flame Retardant Applications in Camping Tents and Potential Exposure," Accessed February 25, 2014.
- Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) Action Plan Summary, U.S. EPA, Accessed March 28, 2014.
- Green Science Policy Institute
- Seth D. Newsome, June-Soo Park, Bill W. Henry, Arthur Holden, Marilyn L. Fogel, Janet Linthicum, Vivian Chu, and Kim Hooper, "Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether (PBDE) Levels in Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) Eggs from California Correlate with Diet and Human Population Density", Environmental Science & Technology, June 11, 2010.
- Melissa Rose, Deborah H. Bennett, Åke Bergman, Britta Fngstrm, Isaac N. Pessah, and Irva Hertz-Picciotto, "PBDEs in 2−5 Year-Old Children from California and Associations with Diet and Indoor Environment", Environmental Science & Technology, March 2, 2010.
- Linda S. Birnbaum and Daniele F. Staskal, "Brominated Flame Retardants: Cause for Concern?", Environmental Health Perspectives, January 1, 2004
- Marla Cone, California's poor, Mexican American kids highly exposed to flame retardants, Environmental Health News, April 20, 2011.
- Arlene Blum, "Flame retardants, policy, and public health: past and present," 4th International Conference on the History of Occupational and Environmental Health, June 2010
- Arlene Blum and Linda Birnbaum, "Halogenated Flame Retardants in Consumer Products: Do the Fire Safety Benefits Justify the Health and Environmental Risks?," 5th International Symposium on Brominated Flame Retardants, April 201
- Arlene Blum, "Killer Couch Chemicals," Huffington Post, August 16, 2007
- Lisa Stiffler, "They Are Everywhere, They Accumulate and They Spread; Lawmakers Considering Strongest Ban Ever in U.S. PBDEs: Chemical Flame Retardants Pose Threat to Humans, Environment," The Seattle Post-Intelligencer, March 28, 2007.
- Arlene Blum, "Chemical Burns," New York Times, November 19, 2006
- Marla Cone, "Californians have world's highest levels of flame retardants", Environmental Health News, October 1, 2008.
- Sjödin A, Carlsson H, Thuresson K, Sjölin S, Bergman A, Ostman C, "Flame retardants in indoor air at an electronics recycling plant and at other work environments," Environmental Science & Technology, February 1, 2001.