George Albee

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This article is part of the Tobacco portal on Sourcewatch funded from 2006 - 2009 by the American Legacy Foundation.

George Albee was a past president of the American Psychological Association and therefore a valuable ally of the tobacco industry in their backstage fight to stop nicotine "dependence" being classified as "addiction" rather than "habit-forming" This was essential if they were to maintain the pretence that smoking was a human-rights issue, and that "smokers choose to smoke."

He was a grantee of the CTR Special Projects who elected to be funded through the secret Special Projects #4 account. See CTR Special Projects

Documents & Timeline

<b<1976 Jan "Clinical psychologists and psychiatric social workers are among those who charge that the [DSM] manual tends to look at every problem as organic, thus representing a power play by psychiatrists to preempt their territory.

"The advance intelligence on the DSM-111 reportedly has it turning every human problem into a disease, in anticipation of the shower of health-plan gold that is over the horizon," says George Albee. [2]

[The DSM manual is the diagnostic bible of the clinical psychology/psychiatry professions.]

1982 Aug 31 The CTR statements for Special Projects #4 accounts shows that George Albee was on a six-monthly retainer (plus expenses ?) of $4,422. [3]

Court-declared list of scientists

Note: this is just a partial list of the scientists, academics and 'consultants' who were being paid via Special Project accounts. It deals only with the scientists known to the courts at the time it was compiled. Many other academics and professionals were paid via these accounts as revealed at later dates.  

The Council of Tobacco Research (CTR) was a tobacco front group designed to promote the idea that science had not proven cigarettes were bad for your health. Those listed below were scientists funded by tobacco to confuse the scientific issues.
Grants made via the CTR's Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) may be legitimate (or not), but those made through the secret Special Account #4 were effectively bribes.
UNDATED: But possibly 1975 — INDIVIDUALS OBTAINING SECRET GRANTS THROUGH CTR Special Account #4
Domingo M Aviado Lauren V Ackerman George Albee James Ballenger
Alvan L Barach Walter L Barker Broda O Barnes SP#41
W-BRF, Colorado State Uni.
Walter Becker
Peter Berger Rodger L Bick Theodore H Blau Richard Bing
Evelyn J Bowers Thomas H Brem Irvin Blose Walter M Booker
Oliver Brooke Richard Brotman Lyman A Brewer SP#47
School of Medicine, USC, LA
Barbara B Brown SP#50
PANA Res.Found., Sepulveda CA
K Alexander Brownlee Katherine Bryant Victor B Buhler Thomas H Burford
J Harold Burn Marie Burnett Maurice Campbell Duane Carr
Rune Cederlof Domenic V Cicchetti Martin J Cline W Clark Cooper
Anthony M Cosentino Daniel Cox Gertrude M Cox
Geza De Takato Bertram D Dimmens Charles Dunlap Henry W Elliott
J Earle Estes Frederick J Evans William Evans Hans J Eysenck SP#60/65
Uni of London, UK.
Jack M Farris Sherwin J Feinhandler Alvan R Feinstein SP#2
Yale Uni, New Haven, Conn
Herman Feldman
Edward Fickes Theodor N Finley Melvin W First Edwin R Fisher
Russel S Fisher Merritt W Foster Richard Freedman Herbert Freudenberger
Arthur Furst Nicholas Gerber Menard M Gertler Jean D Gibbons
Carl Glasser Donald Goodwin Bernard G Greenberg Alan Griffen
Finn Gyntelberg William Heavlin Norman W Heimstra Joseph Herkson
Richard J. Hickey SP#56
Wharton School, U of Penn.
Carlos Hilado Harold C Hodge Charles H Hine
Gary L Huber Wilhelm C Hueper Darrell Huff Duncan Hutcheon
Joseph J Janis Roger A Jenkins Marvin Kastenbaum Marti Kirschbaum
Leonard A Katz SP#3
Michigan State Uni, East Lansing
Lawrence L Kuper Mariano La Via Hiram T Langston SP#4
VA Hospital, Hines IL
William G Leaman Michael Lebowitz Samuel B Lehrer William Lerner
Edward Raynar Levine Gerald J Lieberman Stephen C Littlechild Eleanor Macdonald
Nathan Mantel Ross McFarland Thomas F Mancuso SP#67
Occ.Health, Uni of Pittsburgh
Milton Meckler
Nancy Mello Jack Mendelson Irvin Miller Marc Micozzi
Kenneth M Moser Albert H Niden Judith O'Fallon John O'Lane
William B Ober Joseph H Ogura Ronald Okun Ingram Olkin
Thomas L Petty Leslie Preger Walter J. Priest Richard Proctor
Terrence P Pshler Herbert L. Ratcliffe Attilio Renzetti L.G.S. Rao
Raymond H Rigdon Jay Roberts Milton B Rosenblatt John Rosencrans
Walter Rosenkrantz Ray H Rosenman Linda Russek Henry Russek
Ragnar Rylander George L Saiger D.E. Sailagyi I Richard Savage
Richard S Schilling Stanley S Schor Gerhard N Schrauzer Charles Schultz
John Schwab Carl C Seltzer Paul Shalmy Robert Shilling
Henry Shotwell Allen Silberberg N. Skolnik James F Smith SP#43
Uni of Tennessee, Memphis
Louis A. Soloff Sheldon C Sommers (CTR) JB Spalding Charles Spielberg
Charles Spielberger Lawrence Spielvogel Russell Stedman Arthur Stein
Elia Sterling Theodor Sterling SP#51/58/61/62
Washington U, St Louis
Thomas Szasz Paul Toannidis
Chris P Tsokos Helmut Valentin Richard Wagner Norman Wall
Roger Wilson Jack Wiseman George Wright John P Wyatt
Jacob Yerushalmy SP#59
SPH UC Berkely+ Stats, Jerusalem
Irving Zeidman
ORGANISATIONS OBTAINING SECRET GRANTS THROUGH CTR Special Account #4
Aleph Foundation Arthur D. Little Aspen Conference Atmospheric Health Sciences
(Domingo M Avido)
ACVA Atlantic
(Gray Robertson)
Able-Lands Battelle Columbus Laboratories Battelle Memorial Institute
Billings & Gussman BioResearch Laboratories
(L.G.S. Rao)
Brigham Young University Colucci & Associates
Cohen Coleghety Foundation Code Consultants Inc. Carney Enterprises Computerland
Engineered Energy Management Environmental Policy Institute Eysenck Institute of Psychiatry
(Hans J Eysenck)
Fudenberg Harvard Medical School Hine Inc.
(Charles H Hine)
Information Intersciences
International Consultancy International Technology Corporation International Information Institute J.B. Spalding Statistical Service
J.F. Smith Research Account Jacob, Medinger & Finnegan Kravetz Levine & Spotnitz Shook, Hardy & Bacon
Michigan State University Meckler Engineering Group
(Milton Meckler)
Peat, Marwick Main & Co. R.W. Andersohn & Assoc.
Pitney, Hardin & Kipp Public Smoking Research Group Response Analysis Project
(Alfred Vogel/Reuben Cohen)
Response Analysis Corporation
(Alfred Vogel/Reuben Cohen)
Schirmer Engineering Corp. St. George Hospital & Medical School Stanford Research Institution Project Found. for Res. in Bronchial Asthma and Related Diseases
The Futures Group University of South Florida Wayne State University Weinberg Consulting Group
(Myron Weinberg)
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
DOUBLE-HIDDEN SPECIAL GRANTS paid through the companies/itself
CTR (paid itself) Hearings-Kennedy-Hart Bill Industry Research Liaison Committee Philip Morris
Thomas S Osdene
RJ Reynolds
Murray Senkus
Sources: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/USCOURTS-dcd-1_99-cv-02496/pdf/USCOURTS=dcd-1_99-cv-02496-4.pdf
See also [4] and this 1972-81 list with the total amounts paid: [5] This is not an exhaustive list.<br The CTR also has a special site with an index under the Minnesota Agreement. (not very useful) [6]

These are CTR Special Project grantees now known not to have been included in the above list: [7]

References