International Coal Pier Canada
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Canada.|
The International Coal Pier is located on the eastern shore of the South Arm of Sydney Harbour, directly adjacent to the Harbourside Commercial Park and the community of Whitney Pier.
- Owner: Logistec Stevedoring
- Location: Sydney, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada
- Coal Capacity (Million tonnes per annum): 2.3
- Status: Operating
- Start year: 1998 (converted from export to import facility)
- Type: Imports, storage
- Source of Coal:
History of the International Coal Pier Canada:
- Originally operated by the Dominion Coal, the International Coal Pier has been loading and receiving coal for over 100 years. In the 1940s and 1950s, it consisted of several wooden trestle finger piers that extended out into the Harbour and loaded mainly small vessels.
- In the 1960s, the coal company secured a 10 year contract to ship coal to Ontario Hydro. Two dedicated ships were built, the Ontario Power and the Cape Breton Miner (30,000 dead weight tonne (DWT) vessels) to shuttle coal up the St. Lawrence to power plants along the Great Lakes. To accommodate this, in 1964 a new marginal wharf coal conveyance system and a new ship loader was constructed, as well as a new storage shed capable of storing 15,000 tonnes.
- In the late 1970s a rail loop and trestle system was constructed at the pier. In 1993, the existing dock was modified to accommodate larger ocean going vessels (Panamax size 80,000 DWT) along with a 3,000 ton per hour traveling ship loader.
- In 1998, Devco converted the pier to a coal receiving operation, due to production problems at one of its two operating mines. The Devco mines were closed in the fall of 2000, and the coal handling operations were sold to EMERA, who subsequently sold the coal handling equipment to Logistec in 2001.
- Currently, the facility is used to unload coal, which is supplied to the local power generation stations. Annually, approximately 2,300,000 tonnes of coal are offloaded from a combination of Lakers and Panamax size vessels. The berth has a length of 180 m and 15 m in depth. Coal is unloaded from the ship via a self unloader to a receiving hopper.
- The ship loader has a capacity of 3,000 metric tonnes per hour. Coal is then transported by a system of conveyors to one of four stockpiles with a combined capacity of 200,000 tonnes. The facility also has another designated area for temporary stock piling, which has an additional capacity of 40,000 tonnes. The facility has direct access to rail service via the Sydney Coal Railway (SCR).
- Coal is shipped from the facility either by truck or by rail. Coal shipped out by rail is loaded for shipment via front end loaders that retrieve coal from stock pile and place the material into stacker conveyors which in turn load train cars located on the facilities train loop. Trains then transport coal to the Lingan Generating Facility operated by Nova Scotia Power. Coal is also transported from the site by truck to the Point Aconi Generating Facility, also owned by Nova Scotia Power. Trucks are loaded using front end loaders.
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