Javier Solana Madariaga (born July 14 1942) has been selected by the European Council to be its first powerful Foreign Minister under the new European Union constitution when it is ratified. The constitution will be signed in Rome November 2004 by the 28 member countries.
"Javier Solana Madariaga (Madrid, 1942) was awarded a doctorate in Physics from the Autonomous University of Madrid and a professorship from the Complutense University. A member of the PSOE, he first became a member of parliament in 1977, while in 1982 he was made a minister of the Spanish government: In the three years that followed he held the portfolios of Culture, Education and Science, and Foreign Affairs.
"In 1995 he was appointed Secretary General of NATO, from which post he directed peacekeeping and military operations in the Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo conflicts, in addition to negotiating the new Russia-NATO framework for cooperation.
"In 1999, the European Council chose him to be Secretary General of the Council of the European Union and the first High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP); he was also appointed Secretary General of the UEO. In the following decade, Solana coordinated the execution of what was known as the second pillar of the EU, a task that gained him widespread prominence and international recognition, and for which he was awarded the Charlemagne Prize. As a European official, he headed the political dialogue with non-member countries, drafted the EU's first Strategic Security Doctrine and gave substantial input to the European Security and Defence Policy (ESPD), which developed operative bodies and launched its first crisis management missions; as a facilitator, he successfully mediated in the disputes in Macedonia, Serbia-Montenegro and Ukraine, at all times defending multilateral solutions.
"In December 2009, after bidding farewell to Brussels, he joined ESADE in Barcelona, and in March 2010 he was appointed President of Honour of CIDOB. He also heads the Madariaga Foundation of the College of Europe."
Akiva Eldar, a senior journalist with Haaretz, writes (14 July 2009):
A retired hero
European diplomats are wondering what happened to Javier Solana, the European Union's foreign policy chief. Throughout his many long years in this post, the Spanish statesman always carefully maintained a low profile with respect to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Here a relaxed meeting with Ariel Sharon at the height of Operation Defensive Shield, there a courtesy visit with Ehud Olmert toward the end of Operation Cast Lead. Even when his legs were in the East, his heart was far away in the West, in the White House and in the U.S. State Department.
During president George W. Bush's eight years in office, Solana transformed the European Union into a ward of the Americans with regard to anything related to the Mideast conflict. It is unclear what suddenly prompted him to take the initiative and suggest that the UN set a target date for the creation of a Palestinian state, even without Israel's consent. Perhaps it is the new spirit emanating from the White House, or perhaps it is his impending retirement – maybe both.
Let me say a word about Israel and Europe. I don’t think that the Israeli people are aware of the relationship, as deep as it is, between the European Union and Israel. There is no country outside the European continent who has the type of relations that Israel has with the European Union. Israel, allow me to say, is a member of the European Union without being a member of the institutions. It is member of all the programs... [applause]... and I would like to emphasize and underline, with a very thick line, in all the programs of research and technology – this is fundamental – and ... I am sorry to say, but ... I don’t see the president of Croatia here. But I have to tell you, now that he is not here – his country is part of the European Union – that your relation, today, with the European Union is stronger than the relation of Croatia. Don't tell him that.
—Javier Solana 21 October 2009
- Former Secretary General, North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- International Board of Governors, Peres Center for Peace 
- Director, Human Rights Watch 
Resources and articles
Related Sourcewatch articles
- CIDOB ORg, organizational web page, accessed April 4, 2013.
- Akiva Eldar, How to apply PR spin to the settlement issue, 14 July 2009)
- Statement made during the Facing Tomorrow Conference 2009; 21 October 2009. There is a video on the website, and Solana's statement is around the 37:45 min mark.
- International Board of Governors, Peres Center for Peace, accessed February 19, 2010.
- Human Rights Watch Board, organizational web page, accessed June 16, 2012.
- "Javier Solana", Wikipedia, accessed November 2004.