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Mongolia is a landlocked country between China and Russia, with a population of 2.7 million and capital city of Ulan Bator.

The BBC writes, "Mongolia has strong ties with Russia and China and cultivates relations with the US and Japan; Mongolian troops back the US military in Iraq". [1]

Tavan Tolgoi coal mine

In April 2011, it was reported that Mongolia will soon announce results of bidding to develop the Tavan Tolgoi coal mine. ArcelorMittal, Vale and Xstrata were among six bidders short-listed to develop Mongolia's Tavan Tolgoi mine, reportedly the world's largest unmined coking coal deposit. U.S. coal miner Peabody, a consortium of Chinese energy firm Shenhua and Japan's Mitsui & Co, and a separate consortium of Japanese, South Korean and Russian firms were the other bidders.[2]


The BBC says of the country's media:

A law passed in 2005 paved the way for the transformation of Mongolia's state-run radio and TV into a public-service broadcaster. Its networks compete with private TV and radio and satellite and cable services. In general the media are free and sometimes outspoken in their criticism of the authorities. Media watchdog Reporters Without Borders noted in 2007 that journalists risked imprisonment for defamation and violating "state secrets".[1]


  • Nambaryn Enkhbayar, President - The Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party which was in power in Soviet times, returned in 2006.

United States Ambassadors to Mongolia


Related SourceWatch articles


  1. 1.0 1.1 Country profile: Mongolia, BBC, accessed March 2008.
  2. "Mongolia to announce bid results for Tavan coal mine soon" reuters, April 12, 2011.

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