Moshe Ma'oz "is professor of Islamic and Middle Eastern studies at Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he has specialized on Syria, Palestine, and Arab-Israel relations. He has also held scholarly positions at prominent American and British research centers, including the Middle East Institute, Harvard University, the Brookings Institution, and the Wilson Center. Ma'oz twice served as director of the Harry S. Truman Institute for Advancement of Peace at Hebrew University. He served as an adviser to Israeli Prime Ministers Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, Defense Minister Ezer Weizman, and on the Knesset Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defense. Ma'oz received a Ph.D. in history of the modern Middle East from St. Antony's College and a master's degree from Hebrew University." 
- Senior Fellow, USIP Jennings Randolph Fellowship Program (October 2004–July 2005)
Writing in 2004 for Znet, Lisa Taraki notes: "From our vantage point here in Palestine, we consider the Israeli academy as a whole to have been complicit in the perpetuation of colonial rule over the Palestinians, either actively (as in the case of certain scholars directly involved in colonial rule such as Menahem Milson, Shlomo Gazit, and Moshe Ma'oz), or else passively, through its silence." 
- Co-author with Ervand Abrahamian, and Bruce Cumings, Inventing the Axis of Evil. The New Press, 2005.
- The Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process: Oslo and the Lessons of Failure (2002).
- Jerusalem: Points of Friction and Beyond (2000).
- Middle East Minorities: Between Integration and Conflict (1999).
- Syria and Israel: From War to Peacemaking (1995).