National Cancer Institute NCI
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National Cancer Institute (NCI) is a Division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Cancer Prevention and Control section. The National Cancer Institute located in Rockville, Maryland, U.S.A.
The National Cancer Institute had a federally-funded program from 1966 through 1978 to make a less hazardous cigarette, which was halted in the late 1970's.(NYT 5/13/94). For this program, the NCI evaluated over 100 different cigarette designs.(R.J. Reynolds Statement 4/14/94)
Cocoa is a cigarette additive, and in 1977 the National Cancer Institute reported that condensed tar from cigarettes flavored with cocoa caused more tumors in mice than did tar from unflavored cigarettes. Thomas Owen, the head of NCI's smoking and health orgram stated in a memo that "[C]ocoa should probably not be added to cigarettes."(Elizabeth Whelan, 1984)
In a July 1994 letter to the National Cancer Institute, FTC chairman Janet Steiger asked the NCI to review the Federal Trade Commission's method for rating tar and nicotine levels of cigarettes. Steiger said there was a concern that FTC's tests failed to take into account the possibility that people change their smoking habits to compensate for lower nicotine and tar. In the FTC's tests, a machine pulls air through a gauze pad that traps the tar and nicotine.(New York Times, 7/21/94).
r. Miles Braun and colleagues at the NCI did a study of twins, published in the Lancet in August 1994 which found no evidence of a genetic component for lung cancer.(Reuters 8/11/94). See Braun, Dr. Miles, TTLA Almanac - Names.
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