National Salvation Front

From SourceWatch
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The National Salvation Front was a broad coalition of communist, socialist and ultra-nationalist movements against reforms in Russia. Established in 1992, the FNS was the first group to be banned in post-Soviet Union Russia before playing a leading role in the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis. The co-chairmen of the movements were Baburin, Nikolay Pavlov (both Russian All-People's Union), Gennady Zyuganov (future leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation), Ilya Konstantinov, Astafyev, Valery Ivanov, Vladimir Isakov, Gennady Sayenko and Albert Makashov. The involvement in Zyuganov in the FNS helped to ensure that when he established his new Communist Party in 1993 it included a significant strain of nationalism in its ideology. Dyen, an existing conspiratorial and anti-Semitic journal edited by a number of fringe rightists including Aleksandr Dugin, threw its weight behind the FNS and functioned as the effective mouthpiece of the party. Dugin's ally Eduard Limonov made his National Bolshevik Front a constituent part of the FNS as well.[5] As a result of Dugin and Limonov's involvement the FNS won the support of Belgian Third Positionist Jean-François Thiriart who established the European Liberation Front as a network of support groups across western Europe. wiki

As Dave Crouch explained in 1995: "There are several umbrella organisations in Russia that bring Nazi, monarchist and extreme nationalist groupings together with supporters of the former regime, people and organisations that call themselves Communist. The best known of these is the National Salvation Front, whose secretary was for a time the leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Gennady Zyuganov. The front has been responsible for massive demonstrations in Moscow of hundreds of thousands of people, sometimes leading to bloody clashes with the police. Here you can find placards of Stalin rubbing shoulders with the black, white and gold flags of the Romanovs. This phenomenon has become popularly known as the ‘Red-Brown’ movement, uniting the ‘Reds’ with the ‘Brownshirts’." [1]

Resources and articles

Related Sourcewatch


  1. Dave Crouch, "The crisis in Russia and the rise of the right", International Socialism, 2:66, Spring 1995.