South European Oil Pipeline

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This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor and the Center for Media and Democracy.
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South European Oil Pipeline, also known as Lavera–Karlsruhe pipeline, is an oil pipeline in France, Switzerland, and Germany.

Location

The pipeline runs from Fos-sur-Mer (Lavera) in France to Karlsruhe and Lyon (Feyzin), Germany.

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Project Details

  • Operator: Société du pipeline sud-européen (Total SA, ExxonMobil, Société de Participations dans l'Industrie et le Transport du Pétrole, BP, Shell, BASF, Phillips 66)
  • Current capacity: 450,000 barrels per day
  • Length: 1,848 kilometers
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 1962

Background

The South European Pipeline (also known as Lavera–Karlsruhe pipeline; French: Pipeline sud-européen) is a crude oil pipeline system in France, Switzerland, and Germany. It is built and operated by Société du pipeline sud-européen (SPSE). The system supplies crude oil to refineries in Feyzin, Cressier, Reichstett, and Karlsruhe. It became operational in 1962–1963.[1][2]

Technical description

The main 769 km-long, 34-in pipeline starts in Fos-sur-Mer (Lavera) in France and runs through Strasbourg to Karlsruhe in Germany.[3][2] It became operational in 1962–1963.[1][4][5] As of 2011 it is inactive as the Fos–Strasbourg section is mothballed. Another 714-km long, 40-in pipeline runs from Fos to Strasbourg (Oberhoffen-sur-Moder), and 260-km-long, 24-in pipeline runs from Fos to Lyon (Feyzin).[3] These pipelines became operational in 1971–1972. The system uses Twelve pumping stations. The maximum discharge of the system is 35 million metric tons per year, although the real used annual amount is approximately 23 million metric tons per year.[6][7]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Beltran, Alan (2010). A Comparative History of National Oil Companies. Peter Lang, 33. ISBN 978-90-5201-575-0. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Oil across the Alps" (1967). New Scientist 35. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 (1990) Petroleum economics, 4, Editions TECHNIP, 219. ISBN 978-2-7108-0597-7. 
  4. "Oil across the Alps" (1967). New Scientist 35. 
  5. "{{{title}}}" (1962). Mechanical engineering 84. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 
  6. A European Dimension. The South European Pipeline. SPSE. Retrieved on 2010-02-18.
  7. IEA (2007). Oil supply security: emergency response of IEA countries 2007. OECD, 127. ISBN 978-92-64-04003-8. 

Related SourceWatch articles

External resources

Wikipedia also has an article on South European Pipeline. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on South European Oil Pipeline. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.