Strategic influence operations
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According to the April 7, 2003, report "Strategic Influence Operations – The Information Connection" by Colonel Brad M. Ward, U.S. Army War College, strategic influence operations are about "controlling the message."
- "Strategic influence operations have historically been a government’s ability to further its national strategic goals and objectives internationally through an integrated, synchronized and Interagency-vetted information campaign using the tools of public diplomacy, public affairs and international Military Information (DoD Psychological Operations) as its media. ... undertaken within the framework of the National Security Council and the Departments of Defense and State." 
- Defense Science Board Task Force Report on Managed Information Dissemination (2001)
- National Intelligence Community (NIC)
- National Information Strategy (NIS)
- Office of International Information Programs (IIP) ("supposed successor to the United States Information Agency, but is a replacement with limited public diplomacy resources, personnel and influence within the Department of State.")
- Office of Strategic Communication (OSC)
- Office of Strategic Influence (OSI)
- Perception Management Threat Panel (PMTP)
- Strategic Communications Policy Coordinating Committee formed September 15, 2002 (National Security Council); "established on 10 September 2002 with the specific mission coordinating all U.S. informational policies and programs through an NSC directed interagency medium. This group is designed to foster positive international and domestic public opinion on current USG strategic ... co-chaired by the Department of State’s Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs and the Special Assistant to the President for Democracy, Human Rights and International Operations. Its membership will consist of the chair of the Combating Terrorism Information Strategy PCC, the Deputy Assistant to the President and Counselor to the National Security Advisor for Communications, and the Director, White House of Global Communications."
- United States Agency for International Development (USAID)