Talk:National Association of Manufacturers
This article is part of the Center for Media & Democracy's spotlight on front groups and corporate spin.
Founded in 1895, the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) is a large and influential trade association that describes itself as "the powerful voice of the manufacturing community and the leading advocate for a policy agenda that helps manufacturers compete in the global economy and create jobs across the United States." The group has been described by the New York Times as one of "Washington's most powerful trade associations."
NAM has a long roster of lobbyists in Washington lobbying on dozens of issues.
Although NAM has a long and unabashed history of representing the interests of industrial corporations, progressive blogger David Sirota has accused them of being a "front group," a "corrupt, partisan wing of the Republican apparatus whose leadership often uses NAM's resources against the interests of the majority of NAM's own members.
The Koch brothers -- David and Charles -- are the right-wing billionaire co-owners of Koch Industries. As two of the richest people in the world, they are key funders of the right-wing infrastructure, including the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) and the State Policy Network (SPN). In SourceWatch, key articles on the Kochs include: Koch Brothers, Koch Industries, Americans for Prosperity, American Encore, and Freedom Partners.
- 1 Ties to the Koch Brothers
- 2 Lobbying
- 3 Election Spending
- 4 News and Advocacy
- 5 Funding
- 6 Members
- 7 Personnel
- 8 Contact information
- 9 Articles and resources
Ties to the Koch Brothers
In 2012, Freedom Partners reported giving $1,170,000 to NAM. Freedom Partners has been described as "the Koch brothers' secret bank." The Center for Responsive Politics reported that Freedom Partners' other grantees that year included other "well-known trade groups with established lobbying and political activities," like the US Chamber of Commerce and the National Federation of Independent Business, and that Freedom Partners' spending "dwarfs that of almost every other trade group in the country."
NAM's positions align with many of the positions advocated by other members of the Koch funding network, including opposing greenhouse gas regulations, fighting campaign finance reform, opposition to unions, and lobbying for pro-business policies (see below).
NAM is active in lobbying on a variety of issues related to its policy goals. Its annual spending on lobbying has been as high as $13.2 million (in 2006) with a roster of registered lobbyists as large as 52 (in 2006).
As of June, NAM had spent $2,040,000 in 2014 on lobbying related to 68 different bills, and had 34 registered lobbyists.
National Association of Manufacturers has been active in political campaigns through its PAC.
In 2010, NAM reported $886,764 independent expenditures targeting four candidates, all Democrats.
- Blanche Lincoln, Arkansas Senate race
- Michael F. Bennet, Colorado Senate race
- Harry Reid, Nevada Senate race
- Russ Feingold, Wisconsin Senate race
News and Advocacy
Opposition to EPA Regulation of Greenhouse Gases
The EPA released a new draft rule on coal emissions in June 2014, which would require power plants to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions to 30% below their 2005 level by 2030. In a statement opposing the rule, NAM claimed that
- "manufacturers rely on secure and affordable energy to compete in a tough global economy, and recent gains are largely due to the abundance of energy we now enjoy. Today’s proposal from the EPA could singlehandedly eliminate this competitive advantage by removing reliable and abundant sources of energy from our nation’s energy mix."
In late June, the Supreme Court released a decision largely upholding the EPA's authority over regulating carbon emissions, but which accused the EPA "of seeking an “enormous and transformative expansion” of its authority without approval from Congress," according to Politico. A statement from NAM called the decision a "victory for the integrity of our regulatory process and rational limits on executive power."
In April 2009, NAM protested the Environmental Protection Agency's finding that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions endangered public health and could be regulated under the Clean Air Act. "Using outdated programs under the law to regulate GHG emissions would burden an ailing economy while doing little or nothing to improve the environment, NAM Pres. John Engler said. 'The clean air laws were designed to focus on local pollutants. GHG emissions, however, are global in nature and require a new framework.'" 
In the 1990s, NAM coordinated a group called the "Air Quality Standards Coalition," an industry coalition "to fight EPA limits on soot and smog pollution" that was managed by C. Boyden Gray, who at that time also headed Citizens for a Sound Economy.
Duke Energy Quits NAM Over Refusal to Address Global Warming
In 2009, Duke Energy, which operates scores of coal-fired power plants in the Southeast and Midwest, would not be renewing its membership due to NAM's refusal to address global warming. In an interview, Duke CEO Jim Rogers siad, "We are not renewing our membership in NAM because in tough times, we want to invest in associations that are pulling tin the same direction we are." Rogers said that NAM, as well as the US Chamber of Commerce and the Republican Party "ought to roll up their sleeves and get to work on a climate bill, but quite frankly, I don't see them changing."
Fighting Donor Disclosure Rules
NAM's website states that it opposes proposals for government financing of political campaigns, and furthermore that it
- "opposes legislative or regulatory efforts that unduly or unfairly infringe on the right of individuals freely to associate within the political process. It will oppose any efforts to discourage people from contributing to a PAC or candidates from accepting PAC donations to their campaigns."
The Center for Responsive Politics wrote in April 2013 that NAM, along with Koch Industries and the US Chamber of Commerce, had been lobbying "to prevent the Securities and Exchange Commission or Congress from requiring them to disclose donations to politically active nonprofits." According to the New York Times, earlier that month NAM had joined the US Chamber of Commerce and the Business Roundtable in issuing "a rare joint letter to the chief executives of Fortune 200 companies, encouraging them to stand against proxy resolutions and other proposals from shareholder activists demanding more disclosure of political spending."
Opposition to Sanctions on Russia
In June 2014, the Obama administration planned to expand sanctions against Russia by "banning any interactions with some of Russia’s largest banks; cutting off technology transfers to Russian energy and defense firms; and shutting down business with Russian defense companies." These planned sanctions were in responses to apparent Russian involvement in supplying troops and equipment to separatists in eastern Ukraine. NAM and the US Chamber of Commerce planned to oppose the proposed sanctions by running ads in "The Financial Times, The Hill, The New York Times, Politico, Roll Call, The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post" that claimed sanctions "would harm American manufacturers and cost American jobs."
NAM v. SEC (Opposition to Conflict Minerals Rule)
Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, passed in 2010, required annual disclosure about "whether any conflict minerals that are necessary to the functionality or production of a product of the person, as defined in the provision, originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or an adjoining country." This "conflict minerals rule" was challenged when NAM, along with the US Chamber of Commerce and the Business Roundtable, petitioned the U.S. Court of Appeals to review rules the SEC developed to implement Section 1502, arguing that the SEC had violated procedural requirements and that the rule requirements violated the First Amendment by compelling speech. According to legal representation for Amnesty International, which intervened as a respondent in the case, a July 2013 decision by the district court rejected these arguments, but the court of appeals
- "invalidated the requirement that companies use specific language when reporting that their products have “not been found to be DRC-conflict free.” Applying Central Hudson Gas & Electric v. Public Service Commission, 447 U.S. 557 (1980), the court of appeals held that requiring this specific descriptor violates regulated entities’ First Amendment right against compelled commercial speech."
In the decision, Senior Circuit Judge A. Raymond Randolph wrote,
- "The label “conflict free” is a metaphor that conveys moral responsibility for the Congo war. It requires an issuer to tell consumers that its products are ethically tainted, even if they only indirectly finance armed groups. An issuer, including an issuer who condemns the atrocities of the Congo war in the strongest terms, may disagree with that assessment of its moral responsibility. And it may convey that “message” through “silence.” See Hurley, 515 U.S. at 573. By compelling an issuer to confess blood on its hands, the statute interferes with that exercise of the freedom of speech under the First Amendment.
While NAM does not disclose its donors, tax filings from other groups show that it has received contributions from the following organizations:
- Freedom Partners: $1,170,000 (2012)
- Free Enterprise America: $2,500,000 (2011)
- American Petroleum Institute: $1,163,650 (2008)
NAM does not appear to provide a listing of its current members.
After losing a legal challenge to language in the "Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007 that requires groups to release the names of members that contribute $5,000 a quarter to the coalition’s lobbying efforts and actively participate in its lobbying activities," NAM listed 65 of its corporate members on its website.  The listing was difficult to find on the website and was posted as a graphics file, making the transfer of the information more difficult.
From their 2008 first quarter lobbying disclosure form: 
- Albemarle Corporation
- American Electric Power
- American Petroleum Institute
- AREVA Group
- Bayer Corporation
- Boston Scientific Corporation
- BP Corporation NOrth America
- Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
- Campbell Soup Company
- Caterpillar Inc.
- Chevron Corporation
- CONSOL Energy, Inc.
- Corning Incorporated
- Deloitte & Touche LLP
- Delphi Corporation
- Dominion Resources Services, Inc.
- Dow Corning Corporation
- Eastman Chemical Company
- Edison Electric Institute
- Entergy Corporation
- Exxon Mobil Corporation
- FirstEnergy Corp.
- FMC Technologies, Inc.
- General Electric Company
- Goodrich Corporation
- Illinois Tool Works Inc.
- Ingersoll-Rand Coompany
- JELD-WEN, Inc.
- Johnson Controls, Inc.
- Koch Industries, Inc.
- Loews Corporation
- Marathon Oil Corporation
- Merck & Company, Inc.
- Northrop Grumman Corporation
- Occidental Petroleum Corporation
- Owens-Illinois, Inc.
- PPG Industries Inc
- PPL Corporation
- Rockwell Automation
- Rohm and Haas Company
- SABIC Americas, Inc.
- Shell Oil Company
- Smurfit-Stone Container Corp.
- Sony Electronics
- Temple-Inland Inc.
- Terra Industries Inc.
- Textron Inc.
- The Clorox Company
- The Hershey Company
- The Timken Company
- Unilever United States, Inc.
- Union Pacific Corporation
- United States Steel Corporation
- USEC, Inc.
- Volvo Group North America, Inc.
- W L Gore & Associates, Inc.
- W. R. Grace & Co.
- Weyerhaeuser Company
- Xerox Corporation
State Associations Group
According to NAM's website, the following associations are members of its State Associations Group:
- Business Council of Alabama
- Arizona Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- Arkansas State Chamber of Commerce/Associated Industries of Arkansas
- California Manufacturers and Technology Association
- Colorado Association of Commerce and Industry
- Connecticut Business and Industry Association
- Delaware State Chamber of Commerce]
- Associated Industries of Florida
- Georgia Industry Association
- Idaho Association of Commerce and Industry
- Illinois Manufacturers' Association
- Indiana Manufacturers Association
- Iowa Association of Business and Industry
- Kansas Chamber of Commerce
- Kentucky Association of Manufacturers
- Louisiana Association of Business & Industry
- Maine Chamber & Business Alliance
- Maryland Chamber of Commerce
- Associated Industries of Massachusetts
- Michigan Manufacturers Association
- Minnesota Chamber of Commerce
- Mississippi Manufacturers Association
- Associated Industries of Missouri
- Montana Chamber of Commerce
- Nebraska Chamber of Commerce & Industry
- Nevada Manufacturers Association
- Business and Industry Association of New Hampshire
- New Jersey Business and Industry Association
- Association of Commerce and Industry of New Mexico
- The Business Council of New York State
- North Carolina Chamber
- North Dakota Chamber of Commerce
- The Ohio Manufacturers' Association
- State Chamber of Oklahoma
- Associated Oregon Industries
- Pennsylvania Manufacturers Association
- Puerto Rico Manufacturers Association
- Rhode Island Manufacturers Association
- South Carolina Chamber of Commerce
- South Dakota Chamber of Commerce & Industry
- Tennessee Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- Texas Association of Business
- Utah Manufacturers Association
- Associated Industries of Vermont
- Virginia Manufacturers Association
- Association of Washington Business
- West Virginia Manufacturers Association
- Wisconsin Manufacturers Association
Board of Directors
As of June 2014:
- Douglas R. Oberhelman, Chair. Chairman and CEO, Caterpillar Inc.
- Gregg M. Sherrill, Vice Chair. Chairman and CEO, Tenneco, Inc.
- Jay Timmons, President and CEO.
- Mary Andringa, President and CEO, Vermeer Corporation
- John W. Conway, Chairman and CEO, Crown Holdings, Inc.
- David N. Farr, Chairman and CEO, Emerson
- Drew Greenblatt, President and Owner, Marlin Steel Wire Products
- Thomas W. Handley, President and COO, Ecolab, Inc.
- Collie L. Hutter, President, Click Bond, Inc.
- Kellie Johnson, President and CEO, ACE Clearwater Enterprises
- Michael W. Lamach, Chairman and CEO, Ingersoll-Rand
- W. Kirk Liddell, President and CEO, Irex Corporation
- Al T. Lubrano, President, Materion Technical Materials
- John F. Lundgren, Chairman and CEO, Stanley Black & Decker, Inc
- Anthony Maddaluna, President Pfizer Global Supply
- James S. Metcalf, Chairman, President, and CEO USG Corporation
- Osamu Nagata, President and CEO, Toyota North America
- J. Larry Nichols, Executive Chairman, Devon Energy Corporation
- Rice Powell, Chairman and CEO, Fresenius Medical Care
- Alfred M. Rankin, Jr., Chairman, President, and CEO, Hyster-Yale Materials Handling
- Timothy M. Ring, Chairmand and CEO, C. R. Bard, Inc.
- Thomas J. Riordan, President and CEO, Neenah Enterprises
- Ron Saxton, Executive Vice President, JELD-WEN, Inc.
- Ward J. Timken, Jr., Chairman, CEO TimkenSteel Corporation
- Charles Wetherington, President, BTE Technologies
- Christopher C. Womack, President, External Affairs, Southern Company
- D.W. Woods, President, ExxonMobil Refining and Supply Company, Exxon Mobil Corporation
- see http://www.nam.org/About-Us/Board-of-Directors/Landing-Page.aspx for additional board members
As of June 2014:
- Douglas Oberhelman, Chair of the Board
- Gregg M. Sherrill, Vice Chair of the Board
- Al T. Lubrano, Chair, Small and Medium Manufacturers Group
- Mary Vermeer Andringa, Immediate Past Chair of the Board
- Jay Timmons, President and CEO
- Ann E. Heins, Senior Vice President, Member and Board Relations
- Linda E. Kelly, Senior Vice President, Legal
- Richard I. Klein, Senior Vice President, CFO & Treasurer
- Ned Monroe, Senior Vice President, External Relations
- Aric Newhouse, Senior Vice President, Policy & Government Relations
- Jeffrey J. Pierce, Senior Vice President, Strategic Development
- Erin Streeter, Senior Vice President, Communications
- see http://www.nam.org/About-Us/Member-and-Staff-Leadership/Landing-Page.aspx for additional staff members
National Association of Manufacturers
1331 Pennsylvania Ave. NW
Sixth Floor Washington, DC 20004-1790
Email: manufacturing AT nam.org
Articles and resources
Related SourceWatch articles
- Alliance for Energy and Economic Growth
- American Justice Partnership
- Front groups
- Michael E. Baroody
- John A. Luke, Jr. - former chair
- John E. Edgerton - former president 
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