USDA Circular No. 86: The Agricultural Situation for 1918: Part III

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USDA Circular No. 86: The Agricultural Situation for 1918: Part III Sugar: More Beet and Cane Sugar Should be Produced was a USDA circular published by the United States Department of Agriculture on February 28, 1918. Its recommendations are fairly explanatory from its table of contents:

  • Our dependence on imported sugar p. 3
  • Why England, France, and Italy are short of sugar p. 4
  • Possibilities of increasing the amount of sugar available for the Allies in 1918 p. 9
  • Ways of increasing sugar production p. 10
  • Origin and development of the cane-sugar industry in the United States p. 11
  • Can sugar area and production p. 12
  • More and improved machinery p. 14
  • Better cultural practices with sugar cane p. 14
  • Improved varieties of sugar cane p. 14
  • Insects and fungi curtail cane crop p. 14
  • Origin and expansion of the beet-sugar industry in the United States p. 16
  • Expanding the sugar-beet acreage p. 18
  • Supply of seed is an important factor in beet acreage p. 19
  • Labor-saving devices to increase beet acreage p. 20
  • Better cultural methods will increase the beet crop p. 21
  • Live stock production with sugar-beet growing p. 22
  • Avoid the toll of insects and diseases p. 26

Prices of raw and refined sugar established p. 27

  • Our large consumption p. 28
  • Substitutes for refined beet and cane sugar p. 30
  • Summary p 32

The section on live stock production with sugar-beet growing recommends feeding crop waste to livestock. Specifically, it covers feeding them beet tops and crowns removed from the beets that are not used in sugar production, either wet or dried beet pulp left over from sugar production, and beet molasses, also a byproduct of sugar production. Additionally, it recommends one more waste product, lime cake (the milk of lime in the beet juice to assist in the crystallization of the sugar), as a useful source of lime to amend acidic soils with.

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